This unusual but most important plotline conveys how Shakespeare saw Caliban as something more than a creature. Caliban sees the attempted rape of Miranda as a natural behavior. The play explores the master-servant dynamic most harshly in cases in which the harmony of the relationship is or has been threatened or disrupted in some way, as by the rebellious nature of a servant or the exclusion of a master. I have argued this in papers and, in effect, set myself up as Caliban's defense attorney. The justification of colonialism is a conviction Shakespeare tries to embed in The Tempest. But on the other hand, his slack approach to his role as Duke Of Milan led to his removal in the first place and there are also elements of cruelty and abused power that he continues to show throughout the play.
Caliban is the abrasive, foul-mouthed son of the evil witch Sycorax. Shakespeare is perhaps using the relation between Caliban and Prospero to exploit the theme of colonialism. At first, the characteristics of Prospero and Ariel are difference. In our first glimpse of Prospero, he appears puffed up and self-important, and his repeated insistence that Miranda pays attention suggests that his story is boring her. Caliban is a monster, whether he is a victim of colonialism, or whether he represents some other disadvantaged element of society depends almost entirely on the social and cultural constructs and interests of the reader or audience.
Coming back from a wedding in Africa a ship containing Prosperos enemies is attacked by the tempest and scatters its passengers about the island. In the scene where Ariel poses as a harpy. It also shows how society usually places the undesirable members at the bottom of the chain of command, even though they may be entitled to a higher social status. This is made apparent through the character of Caliban. Caliban is a dis-figured fish-like creature that inhabits the island where the play The Tempest, takes place. In act one scene 2 lines 318-360 we find out that Prospero freed Ariel form a pine tree. At the beginning of the Tempest, Prospero finds two other inhabitants on the island, Caliban and Ariel.
One way in which this is highlighted… 1551 Words 7 Pages The Conflict between Passion and Intellect in The Tempest During the time of Shakespeare, society had a hierarchical structure. A Buddhist's Shakespeare Associated University Press. In Act 2 Scene 3 when Caliban plots to kill his master Prospero with his newly found drunken master Stephano we can see that Shakespeare is portraying Caliban as a creature with very base instincts. He is the manipulator of the action of the play, and occupies the center of the stage very markedly, especially if one compares his position with that of the central characters of, say, most of Shakespeare's history plays. Caliban's speech and manners, as well as his thought, all display the very basic reactions and notions of human beings. But this is taking political correctness too far, in my opinion. Is the attempted rape of Miranda or the plot to murder Prospero a natural behavior? Ultimately, the relationship between Ariel and Prospero completely juxtaposes between that of Caliban and Prospero.
Like him, they were torn between their indigenous culture and the culture superimposed on it by their conquerors. Although it is clear that he currently hates Prospero, ' drop on you both! Both have ties to the witch referenced in the play, Sycorax. Modern literary critics are quick to use him as a poster child for English colonial practice in the sixteenth and seventeenth century. Moreover, it will discuss the relationship of these two characters in term of the duties done by Ariel for Prospero. Trinculo, being a jester finds caliban amusing and makes fun of him which caliban doen't like. This is contrasted with Ariel whose very name associates him with the air, and being a spirit he is also seen as a positive embodiment of the super-natural. Without some kind of malevolent force motivating the action of the play, none of the major characters would come into contact with each other.
What is clear is that Caliban's behavior suggests many questions about what is natural and what is unnatural. Prospero is really the center of the play, since the other characters relate to one another through him and because he manipulates everyone and everything that happens. The collision of these two symbols creates problems like slavery and warfare. It is obvious throughout the play that Prospero enjoys the company of Ariel more than Caliban, as Caliban tries to kill him and Ariel is a peaceful kind spirit. The relationship between Prospero and Ariel is one of a master and a servant. However, Shakespeare clearly shows that slavery is socially neither an appropriate nor acceptable relationship. Finally, it will draw conclusion to the relationship of Prospero and Ariel.
But thy vile race, Though thou didst learn, had that in 't which good natures Could not abide to be with. Prospero's other servant Ariel is a graceful spirit who has courtesy and charm. I will give him some relief, if it be but for that. However, in trying to escape one power relationship, Caliban quickly creates another when he persuades Stefano to murder Prospero by promising that he can marry Miranda and rule the island. Harmony and order are restored in a world where chaos has reigned — the natural world that Caliban covets. Their positions on the social hierarchy are largely due to the fact that Caliban responds almost wholly to passions, feelings of pleasure -- his senses, while Prospero is ruled more by his intellect and… 1483 Words 6 Pages The relationship between Prospero and Caliban is a perfect demonstration of the dependence relationship between a coloniser and the native of whichever colony he set his eye upon. Sometimes a thousand twangling instruments Will hum about mine ears, and sometime voices That, if I then had waked after long sleep, Will make me sleep again; 3.
He is also controlled by a parent figure who comes in the form of Prospero. The author emphasizes that Caliban envisions the way Western civilization pictured people of the Caribbean at the time. Prospero had said about how he had saved him from the Pine Tree from the curse of sycorax but Prospero said to Ariel that he did forget about th … at and was very ungrateful to him and Proppero said that if he had complain again he would split him like a piece of oak tree and Ariel wanted to forgive him for complaining and he should go away and be invisible and kindly said in two days he would free him. The first time he addresses Ariel he says. After meeting Stephano and Trinculo, Caliban again tries to become their possession.