Narayanan in conversation with N. The president is by an comprising the both houses and the of each of , who themselves are all. His refusal to abide by the advice of the Council of Minister may lead to his impeachment on grounds of violation of constitution. The President of India can grant pardons, reprieves or respites or remission of punishment. The president can also seek the opinion of the supreme court on legal and constitutional matters and on matters of national and people's interest. Emergency Powers The Constitution of India envisages three kinds of emergency powers on the President.
The Election Commission appoints a Returning Officer and fixes the date for filing the nomination papers, the last date for withdrawal, and the polling schedule. Veto Power Explanation Absolute Veto Reject the Bill on which the bill Lapses. The reports of Comptroller and Auditor General, Finance Commission, Union Public Service Commission, Language Commission are some of the many reports caused by the President to be laid before the Parliament. All important treaties and contracts are made in the President's name. He is empowered to order for the presentation of the report of the Auditor General of India relating to the accounts of the Government of India. Executive Power: All executive actions are taken in his name.
To meet the contingency of an election to the office of President not being completed in time due to unforeseen circumstances like countermanding of election due to death of a candidate or on account of postponement of the poll for any valid reason, Article 56 1 c provides that the president shall, notwithstanding the expiration of his term, continue to hold office until his successor enters upon his office. Financial emergency Article 282 accords financial autonomy in spending the financial resources available with the states for public purpose. The votes polled First Preference Votes of each candidate are counted and calculations are done taking into account the value of each vote as stands determined on the basis of the formulas discussed above. What are the Veto Powers of President of India? Further he causes some important reports to be submitted on the floor of the Lok Sabha. However, despite such a provision, the President is neither merely a figure head nor a rubber stamp in the hands of the Ministry. In performing all his functions, the President follows the advice of the Prime Minister. But in case that candidate fails to win the required winning quota and no other candidate also gets the required winning quota of votes, his vote is transferred to the candidate to whom he has given his second preference vote and so on.
What are the diplomatic roles? The basic and criminal laws governing the citizens of India are set down in major parliamentary legislation, such as the , the , and the. The President appoints and has powers to remove high dignitaries of the state. The President however shall have a right to be informed of the affairs of the Union government. For the third time the President declared it in June 1975 on account of internal political crisis and continued till March 1977. He may declare his assent or return the Bill for reconsideration Money Bills cannot be returned. In dissolving the House of the people the President has to act on the advice of the Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister.
. The Parliament may also delegate these powers to the President. Secretaries to the Government of India rank 23rd on. In the parliamentary of government, the President is the head of the State. An election to fill a vacancy in the office of President occurring by reason of his death, resignation or removal, or otherwise shall be held as soon as possible after, and in no case later than six months from, the date of occurrence of the vacancy; and the person elected to fill the vacancy shall, subject to the provisions of Article 56, be entitled to hold office for the full term of five years from the date on which he enters upon his office. Retrieved on 6 December 2013.
The Executive powers Art 53 of the constitution lays down that the executive power of the union shall be vested in the President. The Parliament cannot function without involving him. Since then, Presidents have been more diligent in directing incoming Prime Ministers to convene parliament and prove their majority within reasonable deadlines 2 to 3 weeks. Position and Role of the President : After having discussed the powers of the President, it becomes quite easy to evaluate the position of the President. The nominated members of the Parliament and Legislative Assemblies have been denied a share in the Presidential election. Of course within that period it has to be approved by resolutions of both the chambers of the Parliament. Varahagiri Venkata Giri 24-Aug-1969 to 24-Aug-1974 Independent 5.
Shankar Dayal Sharma 25-Jul-1992 to 25-Jul-1997 Indian National Congress 10. It has never been declared. This power of the President also is formal. Military Power: The President is the Commander-in-Chief of the Defence forces. The 44th amendments have made it clear that except in certain marginal cases, the President shall have no power to act in his discretion. President's rule was promulgated after being fully aware that the earliest parliament session is feasible at the end of May 2014 after the general elections.
Military and Diplomatic Powers: i The constitution vests the supreme command of the Defense Forces in the. In India there is no conception like absolute veto however a veto can be absolute, as for instance in the United Nations Security Council, whose permanent members can block any resolution. The role of the judiciary in upholding the Constitution of India is the second line of defence in nullifying any unconstitutional actions of the executive and legislative entities of the Indian Union. In the Constitution of India three kinds of emergencies have been envisaged such as National Emergency, State Emergency and Financial Emergency. The Constitution gives vast powers to the President to deal with these three types of emergencies. The purpose of granting such powers to the President is to rectify the possible judicial errors. Per , President is empowered to dismiss a governor who has violated the constitution in his acts.
Article 57 provides that a person who holds, or who has held, office as President shall, subject to the other provisions of this constitution, be eligible for re-election to that office. This is possible because the Constitution does not grant any time-limit for him to take the decision. When either of the two Houses of the is not in session, and if the government feels the need for an immediate procedure, the president can promulgate ordinances which have the same force and effect as an act passed by parliament under its legislative powers. The president can also take no action indefinitely on a bill, sometimes referred to as a pocket veto. This transfer system was used only once at the time of the Fifth Presidential election held in 1969.