It only touched a small fraction of the population, and in modern times this has led many historians, such as any that follow , to reduce the importance of the Renaissance in human history. These were dominated by a commercial elite; as exclusive as the aristocracy of any Medieval kingdom. There were several reasons that were speculated as to why theRenaissance began in Italy. Most devastating, though, was the that decimated the populations of the densely populated cities of Northern Italy and returned at intervals thereafter. The Medici Family was powerful in Florence Cosimo de Medici by Agnolo Bronzino In the 1400's the Medici family came into power in Florence.
One of the major city-states was Florence. The period of the High Renaissance is the most enduring. Famous vernacular poets of the Renaissance include the renaissance epic authors author of , , and. In the south, had for some time been under foreign domination, and. For instance, artists like da Vinci incorporated scientific principles, such as anatomy into their work, so they could recreate the human body with extraordinary precision. On land, these wars were primarily fought by armies of mercenaries known as , bands of soldiers drawn from around Europe, but especially Germany and Switzerland, led largely by Italian captains. Further, the wealthy classes in the northern Italian city states collected classical manuscripts.
For many, the rise to power in Florence of the austere monk in 1494-1498 marks the end of the city's flourishing; for others, the triumphant return of the Medici family to power in 1512 marks the beginning of the late phase in the Renaissance arts called. It was the beauty and art that showed that this area had wealth. The Renaissance began in Italy for a variety of reasons. This newfound freedom and independence along with the presence of the ruins of Roman civilization led to the Renaissance. An upper-class figure would control hundreds of times more income than a servant or labourer.
The Renaissance started in Italy for many different reasons. Thus great wealth was accumulated in Italian cities, and with wealth came leisure to enjoy literature, art, and science. Florence was a great example of a Renaissance city. It was typified by the spread of humanism and thebeginning of objective scientific inquiry. And that's maybe the greatest legacy of all: In that so much of this High Renaissance art is familiar to people in the 21st century today. In the late 1300s, Florence had become a rich city. Florence was a major trading city.
As the Middle Ages came to a close, so too did the overshadowing gloom finally subsidize in Italy--and eventually Europe. Merchants brought silk and spices from Asia and they became rich. The humanist , a key figure in the renewed sense of scholarship, was also an accomplished poet, publishing several important works of poetry. This, in turn, fostered general education. The rediscovery of meant that the architectural principles of Antiquity could be observed once more, and Renaissance artists were encouraged, in the atmosphere of humanist optimism, to excel the achievements of the Ancients, like , of whom they read. These were perhaps the most important criteria.
Staring at the beautiful artwork of Michelangelo would definitely motivate me, personally. The second characteristic is a great amount of realism and naturalism which can be seen in Renaissance paintings — artists created works in which realism and naturalism were clearly evident indicating the high importance placed by artists to achieve realistic and natural imaging. The Roman Empire was the centre of world civilization until its demise in 476. They supported public buildings and funding the arts. It was a great trade area that sold woolen cloth whichsold rapidly.
The Renaissance: A period of cultural rebirth. He was hired by the to fight against the unsuccessfully in 1465, and was patron of , whose at Rimini is one of the first entirely classical buildings of the Renaissance. Humanist scholars searched monastic libraries for ancient manuscripts and recovered and other Latin authors. They studied the writings and works of the Greeks and the Romans and realized that earlier civilizations had lived differently. This work of art is regarded as Raphael's masterpiece in that it sums up the Classical spirit of the High Renaissance. The Renaissance period Scholars indicate that the Renaissance took place between the years 1400-1600.
This was a real change in the way people thought. The Renaissance marked a great cultural change throughout the whole of Europe and is viewed as a bridge between the medieval and modern ages. Towards the end of the 1500s, the Mannerist style, which emphasized artificiality, had developed in opposition to the idealized naturalism of High Renaissance art. Texts believed to be lost or destroyed were brought to Europe and translated, creating a thirst for knowledge and a foundation to grow from. Instability in the Islamic world caused many of their writers,artists, and musicians to flee on the trading boats and move tothat area. In the early Renaissance artists were seen as craftsmen with little prestige or recognition.
In Venice, the productions of the , and associated instrumental music, moved north into Germany; in Florence, the developed , the important precursor to , which itself first appeared around 1600; and the avant-garde, style of the , which migrated to and elsewhere through the music of , was to be the final statement of the polyphonic vocal music of the Renaissance. Petrarch's disciple, , became a major author in his own right. There was the Roman's road network, their public buildings, their monuments and their aqueducts system to be admired and researched. Furthermore, in 1545, the Council of Trent established the Roman , which made humanism and any views that challenged the Catholic church an act of heresy punishable by death. Most historians feel that early in the Renaissance social mobility was quite high, but that it faded over the course of the 15th century. Most damaging was the May 6, 1527, Spanish and German troops' that for two decades all but ended the role of the Papacy as the largest patron of Renaissance art and architecture.
National Gallery of Art, Washington, D. The Renaissance in Italy: A Social and Cultural History of the Rinascimento Cambridge University Press, 2015. There were a number of contributory factors, one of which was thatthe cities in which the Renaissance began were republican citystates, which put middle class people in power, rather than thenobility, and these were people who saw a constant need to improveand advertise their importance. The government that ran Florence was a republic, like. The Austrian Empire established peace. Sea trade carried goods from Muslim lands, including spices, silk, cotton, and other exotic goods.