Guidance and Counseling: The students need guidance and counseling regarding various courses. World knowledge is growing at a tremendous pace, especially in science and technology. Among the members of the commission 5 educationists were from England, America, France, Japan and Russia. Evaluation: According to Kothari Commission, evaluation is a continuous process, forms an integral part of the total system of education, and is intimately related to educational objectives. State Board of Education should prepare advanced curricula in all subjects and introduce them in a phased manner in the schools. The guidelines laid out by the commission were revisited by the headed by in 2005. An effective programme of social studies is essential for the development of good citizenship and emotional integration.
Correspondence Courses: Kothari commission strongly recommended that distance education through correspondence courses should be organised in a big way to provide education to the millions: i In order to bring education to those who are unable to attend even part time courses, wide-spread organisation of correspondence courses should be organised. The Way Forward, which talks about the recent trends in the field. This should be attempted through the promotion of understanding and re-evaluation of our cultural heritage and the creation of a strong driving faith in the future. Shridhar, former member secretary of the Karnataka State Innovation Council, T. This was the sixth commission in the history of education commission and was most comprehensive in nature.
Establishment of School Complexes: Each primary school should be integrally related to ten lower primary schools that exist in the neighbourhood so that they form one complex of educational facilities. It recommended that common school or neighbourhood schools should be set up which should be open to all living in one neighbourhood. Planning, Admn and Finance , Pune 3 Associate Secretary J. Ministry of Education, Government of India. Where playing field and other facilities for developing a nation-wide program of physical education do not exist, these should be provided on a priority basis. Strenuous efforts should be made for the early fulfillment of the Directive Principle under Article 45 of the Constitution seeking to provide free and compulsory education for all children up to the age of 14.
The terms of reference of the commission was to formulate the general principles and guidelines for the development of education from primary level to the highest and advise the government on a standardized national pattern of education in India. It was formed on 14 July 1964 under the chairmanship of , then chairman of the. Kothari, was the sixth commission in India post independence and the first commission with comprehensive terms of reference on education. In the opinion of the commission, student-services should be recognised as integral part of education. Task Force on Adult Education The group's main objective was the eradication of illiteracy by focusing on adult education. The examination system needs continuous reform.
There should be encouragement of women teachers at a stages of education and teachers working in tribal areas should be given special training and allowance, assistance for the education of their children and residential accommodation. Education appeared to be one of areas which indicated many problems that needed our efforts for immediate solutions. The tenancy of the commission was from 1964 to 1966 and the report was submitted by the commission on 29 June 1966. The group was composed of three foreign members, J. Saiyidain Educational Adviser to the Government of India 14 Member T.
Working Group on Women's Education The group, consisting the chairman, D. Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India. Hostel: Proper arrangement of hostels should be made in every college and university. Education in a modern society is no longer concerned mainly with the imparting of knowledge or the preparation of a finished product but with the awakening of curiosity, the development of proper interests, attitudes and values and the building up of such essential skills as independent study and capacity to think and judge for oneself, without which it is not possible to become a responsible member of a democratic society. The commission suggested the neighbourhood school system without social or religious segregation and a school complex system integrating primary and secondary levels of education. Working Group on Educational Statistics The group provided the statistical tools for the commission and had , S.
As a part of reform in curriculum, the commission suggested the following: In view of the explosion of knowledge in various fields, school curriculum should be upgraded through research in curriculum development undertaken by university department of Education, Training Colleges, State Institutes of Education and Boards of School Education. Work-experience and national service, including participation in meaningful and challenging programs of community service and national reconstruction, should accordingly become an integral part of education. Task Force on Educational Finance The task before the group was to examine the existing set up with regard to educational finance and identify ways to overcome the shortfalls. This can become an instrument to build character, improve discipline, inculcate a faith in the dignity of manual labour and to develop a social responsibility. In recent years, the explosion of knowledge and the reformulation of many concepts have highlighted the inadequacy of the existing school programmes and brought about a mounting pressure for a radical reform in school curriculum. The streaming system to be made beyond class X in case of general education.
Evidently, we cannot achieve any solution to this problem unless parents, guardians, teachers, political parties, State Governments and students, all try to understand their responsibilities and perform their duties accordingly. It should form an integral part of education at secondary school and university levels. It should be descriptive as well as quantitative. It is to increase the emphasis on agricultural and technological education at the university level. The creation of the special schools for the talented is happening with the Rajikiya Pratibha Vikas Vidyalayas. There is need for developing tools for internal assessment such as interest inventories, aptitude tests and rating scales. Education for International Understanding There is no contradiction between national consciousness and developing international understanding.
The recommendation of the Hansa Mehta committee that there should be no differentiation of curricula on the basis of the sex was endorsed. The policy covered many recommendations of the Kothari Commission such as free and compulsory education, Status and pay scale revision of teachers, equalization of educational opportunity and science education. Academic aspect includes the preparation of text books, try out and evaluation by State Education Department. It is necessary, therefore, that qualities of restraint, discipline and creativity are developed in students through it. Hence there should be counseling bureaus at every educational centre. Task Force on Techniques and Methods in Education This seventeen member task force was entrusted with the designing of the functional mechanics of the educational system. In order to remove theses defects, the government had to appoint a new education commission to advise the government on national pattern of education along with general principles and policies for the development of education at all stages.
Another proposal was for the establishment of a machinery for continuous on job training of the teaching staff and for efforts to raise the status of the teachers to attract talents into the profession. The pupil teacher should be given opportunities to observe good teaching. It also proposed that three or four text books to be prescribed for each subject and moral and religious education be made a part of the curriculum. Please click button to get kothari commission report book now. For effective supervision and standardization of school buildings, the commission stressed on the formation of educational buildings development groups. Following some debate, the original three-language formula was adopted by the in 1968. Terms of Reference The Commission will advice the Govt.