Anyone arrested is presumed innocent until proven guilty. The people in a democracy participate in the process of government in the following ways: 1 The people elect their leaders by voting in the elections, who represent them. Q1: Name the three key elements that influence the working of a democratic government? All governments are elected for fixed periods. It is the only form of government that is capable of fully satisfying international covenants on civil and political rights. There is no difference on the basis of religion, caste, gender or economic status. How do people express their views and make governments understand what actions they should take? Answer Various ways in which people participate in the process of government: i By participating in the election. Ambedkar, had waged a long struggle for getting rights to Dalits or untouchables.
Thirty years ago, only a quarter of the states of the world were democracies. Respect for Democratic Procedures-individuals or groups who have grievances against the system should operate within it, seeking to change the law through legal means. Answer: South African people were divided into black, white and coloured races. It may also propose laws, but only the parliament may enact legislation, including the budget. Other ways of Participation: i In addition to election, there are several other ways of participation.
Through this process of voting, citizens are regularly given the ability to hire or fire their representatives. Answer Key ideas of a democratic government: i Rights to participate in the formation of government. Participation: i For a successful democracy, it is essential for people to participate in its governance. No injustice will be done to her. What were Hector and his classmates protesting about? How do people express their views and make governments understand what actions they should take? Discrimination against the untouchables is a punishable offence.
I hope this helps you guys. In a democracy, a person accused of a crime has the right to know the charges against him, to remain silent, to have legal representation, to participate in his defense, and to question witnesses for the prosecution. However, political participation in a democracy must be peaceful, respectful of the law, and tolerant of the different views of other groups and individuals. Look at some newspapers and discuss some elections that you may have read about. What actions does the government take to ensure that all people are treated equally? One of their bullets killed Hector.
For example, all people are equal. Once elected, governments can stay in power only for that period. There are black people who belong to South Africa, whites who came there to settle, and Indians who came as labourers and traders. Read through the chapter and discuss some of the key ideas of a democratic government. Today, South Africa is a democratic country in which people of all races are considered equal. The main features of a? Respect the individual rights-the state protects individuals whose rights are threatened by the actions of others.
What is the responsibility of police when there is fear that violence may erupt? Q16: How can rivers become a source of conflict in a country? There are many ways in which people express their views and make governments understand what actions they should take. The South African police beat up the protestors mercilessly and shot at the crowd. Need to Resolve Conflicts: Role of Government: i In any country problems may result in conflicts and lead to unpleasantness. Majority Rule- the system of government is based on parliamentry majorities Representative Elections-the people are allowed to elect represtatives to speak for their views and interests. . Answer: In 1994 South Africa became a democratic country that ended Apartheid laws. Besides voting there are other ways of participating in the process of government.
No, practice of untouchability did not support the idea that people are equal because these groups of people were denied education, transport or medical facilities and even the chance to offer prayers. According to this principle, each government function should be performed by the lowest level of government that is capable of performing that function effectively. In India this period is five years. Government may be headed by either a president or a prime minister. Free and fair elections are held at regular intervals for the election of representatives at all levels of government.
No one may be arrested, imprisoned, or exiled arbitrarily. The ancient Greeks adhered to this form of democracy, but only males were allowed to be a part of the voting public. This provides opportunity to the people to sense their power in a democracy and hence regular elections limit the power of the government. In order to overcome this injustice, fees of the girl in the school may be waived or lowered in government schools or colleges. The white settlers who settled here pursued a policy of ruthless suppression towards the black majority.
In a democracy, people have a choice between different candidates and parties who want the power to govern. Separation of Powers and Judicial Independence Why Does Democracy Require the Separation of Powers? In this way the power of the government gets limited by regular elections. The types of democracies include direct democracy, democratic centralism and representative democracy. In a democracy, all levels of government should be accessible to, and representative of, the people. How would Maya's life be different in South Africa today? Answer: The earlier practice of untouchability is now banned by law in our country as group of people considered as untouchables were denied education, transport or medical facilities and even the chance to offer prayers. Q12: Who is responsible for resolving conflicts in a country? These include dharnas, rallies, signature campaigns. These are some of the actions that the government takes to ensure equality among people.